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Facelift for the National Virtual Core Library on SARIG

Alan Mauger and Christie Gerrard
Geological Survey of South Australia, Department for Energy and Mining

Download this article as a PDF (4.1 MB); cite as MESA Journal 92, pages 19–25
Published July 2020

Introduction

New functionality enabling improved visualisation has been added to the National Virtual Core Library (NVCL) layer, also referred to as the HyLoggerTM layer, in SARIG, the South Australian Resources Information Gateway. South Australia’s node of the NVCL now boasts over 1,100 drillholes with hyperspectral data and high-resolution imagery available for free download to help explorers identify prospective areas for mineral deposits.

Hyperspectral tools such as the HyLogger use reflectance spectroscopy to interpret detailed mineralogical information from drill core and drill cuttings. Reflectance spectra are measured over a range of wavelengths from visible-near infrared through short-wave infrared to thermal infrared enabling the detection of many common rock-forming and alteration minerals. Continuous high-resolution digital colour imagery of the drill core is also captured.

The Geological Survey of South Australia has been using the HyLogger system since its initial trials in 2002, and South Australia now boasts the second largest number of scanned drillholes in Australia. The NVCL is supported by CSIRO and the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.

This article takes you on a virtual tour of the latest HyLogger features in SARIG demonstrating the new functionality and providing an overview of information available for querying and interrogation. This new functionality enables initial assessment of spectral data before download where full analysis can take place in appropriate software (eg The Spectral Geologist)

New functionality

HyLogger drillholes are displayed under Drillholes in the Map layers Catalog (Fig. 1). Recent activity is also recorded on a separate layer so clients can identify additions to the database that have occurred in the last three months.

Figure 1 SARIG screenshot showing HyLogger (NVCL) layers.
Figure 1 SARIG screenshot showing HyLogger (NVCL) layers.

The new changes become apparent when individual holes are interrogated. The shortcut URL https://minerals.sarig.sa.gov.au/Details.aspx?DRILLHOLE_NO=612&TAB_NO=6 delivers you directly to the spectral data of the hole in question. Merely substitute the required unique drillhole number in the above string replacing the 612.

The opening page now presents the summary mineral interpretation for the entire hole – both the shortwave infrared minerals and where available, the thermal infrared minerals (HyLogger-3; Fig. 2). The colour legends for the plots are provided on the left hand side.

Figure 2 Landing page for spectral scanning data, eg drillhole 612.
Figure 2 Landing page for spectral scanning data, eg drillhole 612.

While on this page, you can scroll down to the tray pictures (Fig. 3). Left-mouse clicking within a tray picture reveals a new style of plot – the tray carousel (Fig. 4). This high-resolution image can be captured to your computer with right-mouse click – copy image or save image. Left-mouse click, however, and two graphs appear (Fig. 5). One showing shortwave infrared reflectance spectra and the other thermal infrared reflectance spectra. Each spectra is colour coded to the zoom-in, high-resolution image to the left which identifies which pixel each curve belongs to (note the colour bars at the top and bottom of the image). If you hover your mouse over a graph the appropriate section of image is illuminated. Multiple graphs can be open for one tray and the locations are marked accordingly.

Figure 3 Scrolling down to reveal tray pictures.
Figure 3 Scrolling down to reveal tray pictures.
Figure 3 Scrolling down to reveal tray pictures.
Figure 4 Tray carousel.
Figure 4 Tray carousel.
Figure 5 Spectral graphs from the point marked on the tray image.
Figure 5 Spectral graphs from the point marked on the tray image. The orange, blue and green curves relate to the individual pixels located in the image enlargement on the left. Note the colour bars top and bottom of the image.

If you left-mouse click on the image again an even greater enlargement of those five pixels is offered for download (Fig. 6).

Figure 6 Maximum enlargement of selected section of the core tray.
Figure 6 Maximum enlargement of selected section of the core tray. Note orientation is now shallow towards the top increasing depth downwards.

The other major development is found under the scalar plots option on the top right of the opening or landing page for the drillhole (Fig. 2). To understand the acronyms you may wish to first download the scalar definitions as a PDF (Fig. 7) and keep them by your side as you navigate the various options. Note that if assays have been loaded on the NVCL with these holes the assays will not be available through this plot function. To access the assays you will need to download the drillhole via the download option.

Figure 7 Scalar definition table.
Figure 7 Scalar definition table.

Simply by ticking the scalars you wish to interrogate and then the Plot button (Fig. 8), the data is presented in a more detailed format (Figs 9, 10). The resolution of the histogram can be adjusted with the Binning (Smoothing) tool on the top right of the graph (Fig. 11). Various parts of the hole can be interrogated in more detail (Figs 12, 13) and by hovering over the legend various components can be highlighted at will, and removed at will, using the tick option in the legend.

Figure 8 Menu for selecting desired scalars for plotting.
Figure 8 Menu for selecting desired scalars for plotting.
Figure 9 The landing page for plotting.
Figure 9 The landing page for plotting. Overview scalar plots accompanied by instructions for managing this page.
Figure 10 The landing page for plotting after scrolling.
Figure 10 Scrolling down reveals individual scalar plots with a dynamic legend activated by mouse-over and tick boxes. Left-mouse click and drag on the legend reorders the mineral plots.
Figure 11 Adjusting the resolution of the histogram.
Figure 11 Adjusting the resolution of the histogram via the Binning (Smoothing) tool (top right).
Figure 12 Highlighting a focus area of the plot.
Figure 12 Highlighting a focus area of the plot by dragging the purple bars.
Figure 13 Individual scalar plots are adjusted automatically to match the selected subset.
Figure 13 Individual scalar plots are adjusted automatically to match the selected subset.

Note that the summary screen version on the landing page incorporates consolidated Min1, Min2 and Min3 to offer the complete picture while the scalar plots break down the analysis into principle, secondary and tertiary components. In addition, there are various forms of plot tailored to meet your needs and the level of detail can also be adjusted dynamically (Fig. 14).

Figure 14 Area-stream-cardinal options in the plotting menu.
Figure 14 By choosing area-stream-cardinal options in the plotting menu, interesting plots can be created.

Conclusion

New functionality built into SARIG enables user-friendly visualisation of millions of downhole spectral measurements from across South Australia. While only intended as a tool to aid initial assessment, this new capability enables a rapid method to gain access to drillhole imagery, downhole mineralogy and most importantly, new geological insight.

Acknowledgements

The remarkable versatility now offered by this site is due not only to the skill of SARIG’s programmers but also the underlying tools being offered by the AuScope portal developers who generously share their code with those who have an interest in portal development.

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For more information, contact:

HyLogger
Georgina Gordon
Georgina.Gordon@sa.gov.au

SARIG
Christie.Gerrard
Christie.Gerrard@sa.gov.au